In 2017, an estimated 280,000 children (aged 0 to 14) were living with HIV in South Africa, only 58% of whom were on treatment. New infections have declined among South African children, from 25,000 in 2010 to 13,000 in 2017. This is mainly due to the success of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programmes. The rate of mother-to-child transmission stood at 1.3% in 2017, down from 3.6% in 2011. This puts South Africa on track for eliminating mother to child transmission.Children are also affected by HIV through the loss of family members. We have more than 2 million orphaned children in South Africa by HIV and AIDS. Orphans are particularly vulnerable to HIV in our communities because of economic and social insecurities; they are often at risk of being forced into sex, have sex in exchange for support, and typically become sexually active earlier than other children. Education of Hope Africa has programmes that aim to renew the focus on children, putting emphasis on eliminating new infections and building resilience in families.